News & Information

U.S. Market Development Cooperator Organizations
Represented In China

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USDA'S Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade. U.S. Foreign Service officers working at posts overseas collect and submit information on the agricultural situation in more than 130 countries to USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), which maintains the GAIN reports.

Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD) data in GAIN reports are NOT official USDA data, but represent estimates made by FAS Attachés. Official USDA PSD data are determined after analyzing all overseas reports and drawing on additional sources, including more than 1,500 documents received from private and public sources around the world, global weather information, and satellite imagery analysis. After this analysis, official USDA data are released in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates monthly report and in FAS' World Production, Market, and Trade reports.

  • China Updates List of U.S. Products Subject to Additional Tariffs
    China Updates List of U.S. Products Subject to Additional Tariffs

    On August 8, 2018, Chinas State Council Customs Tariff Committee (SCCTC) announced an updated list of $16 billion in U.S. products that will be subject to an additional 25 percent tariff beginning at 12:01 pm on August 23, 2018. The SCCTC notice updates the Schedule II list that was announced on June 16, 2018 (see Gain Report CH 18034). The adjusted product list includes several agriculture-related U.S. exports.

  • China Responds to U.S. 301 Announcement with Revised Product List
    China Responds to U.S. 301 Announcement with Revised Product List

    On June 16, 2018, the People’s Republic of China’s Ministry of Finance (MOF), State Council Tariff Commission (SCTC) announced a revised list of U.S. products subject to an additional 25-percent tariff in response to the U.S. 301 Investigation. The announcement is broken down into two schedules. Schedule I includes 545 total products, valued at approximately $34.0 billion, which will enter into force on July 6, 2018, the same day the U.S. tariffs related to the 301 Investigation are enacted. 517 products on the list are food and agriculture-related products. Some of these same products are also subject to tariffs in China’s response to the 232 Investigation. Post understands that these two additional sets of tariffs will be calculated in aggregate. U.S. exporters of these commodities should be aware that the new tariffs are effective July 6, and should check with local importers to verify changes in tariff treatment.

  • China Responds to U.S. Section 301 Trade Action Announcement
    China Responds to U.S. Section 301 Trade Action Announcement

    This GAIN report contains unofficial translations of announcements from MOFCOM and the Ministry of Finance, including a translated table of the products subject to these proposed tariff increases.

  • China Imposes Additional Tariffs on Selected U.S.-Origin Products
    China Imposes Additional Tariffs on Selected U.S.-Origin Products

    This GAIN report contains a summary of three separate announcements relating to these additional tariffs: (1) an announcement by SCTC, (2) an announcement by the Ministry of Finance (MOF), and (3) a statement by the MOFCOM Spokesperson. This report also includes a table of the new tariff schedule that reflects the additional tariffs. Finally, this report contains unofficial translations of these announcements.

  • FAIRS Country Report (Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards)
    FAIRS Country Report (Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards)

    Thisreport attempts to capture the key Chinese food standards and provisionsthat relate to imported products destined for the Chinese market. It alsonotes changes or modifications to existing standards. However, given China’scurrent dynamic food regulatory environment, it is highly recommended thatU.S. exporters verify the full set of imported requirements with theirforeign customers prior to shipping goods to this market.

  • FAIRS Export Certificate Report
    FAIRS Export Certificate Report

    Thisreport lists major export certificates required by the Chinese governmentfor imports of food and agricultural products. Major changes in 2016include China’s implementation of new registration requirements on grainsand oilseeds (AQSIQ Decree 177) and live seafood (AQSIQ Decree 183). Chinaalso introduced registration requirements for infant formula recipes (CFDADecree 26), health foods (CFDA Decree 22), and foods for special medicalpurposes (CFDA Decree 24). In addition, in 2016, China granted marketaccess for California strawberries and U.S. sugar beet pulp.

  • Food Processing Ingredients Annual
    Food Processing Ingredients Annual

    China’s economic growth has slowed in recentyears, and this slowing expansion has taken a toll on many industries,including the food processing/manufacturing sector. This sector experiencedoverall revenue growth of only four percent in 2015 (compared to eightpercent in 2014). Despite slowing revenue growth and consolidation, anumber of national trends will support the China food processing sector aswhole, including the continued rise of disposable incomes, urbanization,and growing consumer demand for safe, convenient, high-quality processedfood options. As a result, imported food ingredients are increasingly indemand by domestic processors, including U.S. ingredients.

  • 2016 Exporter Guide to China
    2016 Exporter Guide to China

    This report is meant to provide practicaltips to U.S. agricultural, forest and fishery companies on how to conductbusiness in China. The report includes local business practices and ageneral review of consumer preferences, food standards and regulations, andimport and inspection procedures. The report also provides best prospects,with a focus on high-value, consumer-oriented goods.

  • Annual Retail Foods Report (China)
    Annual Retail Foods Report (China)

    China’s retail sector offers greatopportunity for U.S. food and food product exporters. However, thereremains to be many challenges in reaching and selling U.S. food products inthe retail sector. Demand for imported food and beverage is expected toremain resilient. Consumers in China perceive imported products to be safeand of high quality. The major drivers of China’s retail growth includerapid urbanization and an increase in the number of middle class consumers.China’s consumers expect their food purchases to be easy and convenient. Asa result, electronic commerce (e-Commerce) has become an important tool forbusinesses in the retail sector to use and to adapt to in order to reachtheir customers.

  • Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional (HRI) Food Service Sector Annual Report
    Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional (HRI) Food Service Sector Annual Report

    China’s economy slowdown has shown its negative impact on the expansion of food service industry. Food safety scandals continued to be exposed, in return, the scared consumers reduced their dining-out frequency. In addition, the government policy of reducing public funds on lavish expenditures deeply impacted high-end hotels and restaurants. The industry had adopted various strategies to overcome the difficulties. While first-tier cities remain the strongest centers of consumption and spending in the Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Sector, the industry will continue to grow substantially in Emerging City Markets.

  • Grain and Feed Annual
    Grain and Feed Annual

    Nearly all players in the Chinese grains market continue to operate with little certainty about how the central government intends to manage the transition towards a more liberalized farm sector. In 2016, China removed price supports for corn producers, who face some of the highest costs of production in the world. Recent policy proclamations have introduced a raft of farm stimulus programs to encourage China’s nearly 250 million farmers to diversify production. Overall, China has moved past a food security program focused on staple grains and is looking to a feed security program based on a basket of products. MY2017/18 corn production is forecast at 217 million tons, down nearly 3.0 million tons from MY2016/17. Producers have several market-based and policy incentives to switch to alternatives, including wheat, rice, soybeans, and sorghum among others.

  • Oilseeds and Products Annual
    Oilseeds and Products Annual

    Chinacontinues to be the largest oilseed importer in the world. In MY15/16,China’s total oilseed imports reached 87.93 million tons (MMT). Chinesetotal soybean imports hit another record at 83.23 MMT, absorbing 61 percentof total world exports, and 59 percent of total U.S. soybean exports. Postestimates this growing trend in soybean imports will continue and reach 86MMT in MY16/17, and 89 MMT in MY17/18. Favorable import prices led torecord peanuts imports in MY15/16 but are expected to level off. Risingincomes, urbanization and the modernization of the domestic feed andlivestock sectors will continue fostering Chinese oilseed consumption. Arecent change in government policy has encouraged farmers to plant moreoilseeds instead of corn. However, growth in China’s oilseed productionremains constrained by limited arable land and stagnant yields. Thus, China’soilseed production is forecast to rise modestly to 56.25 MMT in MY17/18. Inaddition, during MY15/16, China imposed registration requirements for grainand oilseed exporters (known as AQSIQ Decree 177). Major exporters continuetheir efforts to comply with new requirements.

  • Livestock and Products Semi-annual
    Livestock and Products Semi-annual

    Implementation of strictenvironmental regulations will further constrain China’s sow herd recoveryin 2017. Post is decreasing its 2017 starting sow estimate by 12 percent to38 million head. This reduction will impact the 2017 pig crop, decreasingdomestic pork production to 51 million metric tons (MMT). Even at theircurrent record levels, increased imports will only partially offset thisproduction decrease, causing domestic pork prices to continue to rise andleading to a 2.6 MMT drop in overall pork consumption to 52 MMT. But as pork consumption declines, Chineseconsumers are expected to consume more beef. Due to stable cattle prices,China’s cattle industry will increase inventory in 2017 to meet risingdomestic consumption. However, the gap between domestic production anddemand continues to grow, pushing beef imports to a record of nearly 1million MT.

  • Poultry and Products Semi-annual
    Poultry and Products Semi-annual

    In 2017, all facets of Chinesepoultry will likely be affected by China’s response to continued AvianInfluenza (AI) detections, both within China and overseas. In terms of production,despite the continued modernization of China’s production industry, thesepotential gains have been offset by China’s AI bans against key suppliersof grandparent stock (e.g., the United States and France). These bans havecaused significant disruptions in domestic white-feathered poultryproduction that will likely continue to constrain production throughout2017. In addition, outbreaks of AI in China among the human population havebeen linked to traditional live poultry markets, the most popular outletfor Chinese yellow-feathered poultry, leading to a number of bans on livepoultry markets and lessening yellow-bird demand. Finally, because of theAI ban against the United States and many European broiler meat exports,poultry imports from a few South American countries and Poland haveskyrocketed.

  • China Issues 13th Five-Year Plan on Food Safety
    China Issues 13th Five-Year Plan on Food Safety

    OnFebruary 21, China’s State Council issued the 13th Five-Year Plan on FoodSafety. The Plan provides a review the status of China’s food safety duringthe 12th Five-year Plan Period (2011-2015). It alsolays out four key objectives, including aligning Chinese standards withinternational standards. Regarding the oversight of food import andexports, the Plan pledges to launch a food safety risk alert system and afood importer/exporter reputation recording mechanism. This report containsa summary of the Plan’s most salient points and a link to the full text.

  • Monthly Agricultural Market News of South China (8)
    Monthly Agricultural Market News of South China (8)

    The United States is the largest supplier ofagricultural product imports to South China…. Upcoming opportunities forU.S. exporters to meet with South China livestock companies as well asretail food importers…ATO Guangzhou organizes a wood industry event, leadsan e-commerce buyers mission to the United States, as well as carries out anumber of other promotional activities.

  • Monthly Agricultural Market News of South China (7)
    Monthly Agricultural Market News of South China (7)

    SouthChina e-commerce sales continue to soar…. Upcoming opportunities for U.S.exporters to meet with South China e-commerce companies, as well as freshfruit, alcoholic beverage, and wood importers…U.S. wheat exports to Chinaon the rise…ATO Guangzhou participates in Alaska Seafood promotion, as wellas meets with key buyers of U.S. hardwood, cotton, and hides & skins.

  • ATO Shenyang Promotes U.S. Seafood in Changchun
    ATO Shenyang Promotes U.S. Seafood in Changchun

    OnJanuary 20, ATO Shenyang travelled to Changchun to support two Qiyuan’sU.S. seafood promotions at two locations of CMarket.